california highway patrol经常有朋友询问持中国驾照到美国出差或旅游,能否直接开车,是否需要办理一个国际驾照?尤其是加州,中国游客很多,因此首先搞清楚加州的法律要求很有必要。

首先,最权威的消息来源就是美国政府官方网站:https://www.usa.gov/visitors-driving。摘录如下:

Foreign Nationals Driving in the United States

People who drive in the United States must have a valid driver’s license.  (在美国开车你必须拥有有效的驾驶证)

To rent a vehicle in the U.S., check with the rental company and find out about documents and other requirements, like how old you have to be.  These requirements vary from state to state.  (在美国租车,你需要联系出租车公司了解详情,每个州的情况会有所不同)

If you are a visitor from outside the United States and Canada who plans to drive in the U.S., check with the motor vehicle department of each state you will drive in for its requirements.  Some of the states will require an International Driving Permit (IDP) in addition to a valid license from your own country.  (美国和加拿大之外的游客,从各个州的汽车管理部门DMV获得具体要求,有些州还需要国际驾驶许可IDP)

Short-Term Visitors

If you intend on getting an IDP, you must do so in advance of your travel:

  • The United States does not issue IDPs to foreign visitors. To get an IDP, contact the authorities of the country that issued your driver’s license or its motoring association.
  • If you want to rent a car, you may need both your license and an IDP; find out the rental company’s policies in advance.
  • Beware of international driver’s license scams.(小心国际驾照骗局)

针对加州的情况,官方网站是这样描述的:

V C Section 12502 Nonresident Driver

Nonresident Driver

12502.  (a) The following persons may operate a motor vehicle in this state without obtaining a driver’s license under this code:

(1) A nonresident over the age of 18 years having in his or her immediate possession a valid driver’s license issued by a foreign jurisdiction of which he or she is a resident, except as provided in Section 12505. (你在本国居住地的官方颁发的有效驾照、年满18周岁即可。当然如果你是加州的居民,必须申请加州的驾照)

(2)A nonresident, 21 years of age or older, if transporting hazardous material, as defined in Section 353, in a commercial vehicle, having in his or her immediate possession, a valid license with the appropriate endorsement issued by another state or other jurisdiction that is recognized by the department, or a Canadian driver’s license and a copy of his or her current training certificate to transport hazardous material that complies with all federal laws and regulations with respect to hazardous materials, both of which shall be in his or her immediate possession.

(3) A nonresident having in his or her immediate possession a valid driver’s license, issued by the Diplomatic Motor Vehicle Office of the Office of Foreign Missions of the United States Department of State, for the type of motor vehicle or combination of vehicles that the person is operating.

(b) (1) A driver required to have a commercial driver’s license under Part 383 of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations who submits a current medical examiner’s certificate to the licensing state in accordance with Section 383.71(h) of Subpart E of Part 383 of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, documenting that he or she meets the physical qualification requirements of Section 391.41 of Subpart E of Part 391 of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, is not required to carry on his or her person the medical examiner’s certificate or a copy of that certificate.

(2) A driver may use the date-stamped receipt, given to the driver by the licensing state agency, for up to 15 days after the date stamped on the receipt, as proof of medical certification.

(c) A nonresident possessing a medical certificate in accordance with subdivision (b) shall comply with any restriction of the medical certificate issued to that nonresident.

(d) This section shall become operative on January 31, 2014.

Added Sec. 2.5, Ch. 670, Stats. 2012. Effective January 31, 2014.

另外,加州没有什么国际驾照一说。以下内容转载自网络,大致属实,但具体到某州,请按照以上加州的模式到各州官方网站核实一次为好。
中国人持美国B1、B2旅游商务签证,在加州旅游,可以合法使用中国驾照租车。国内某些中介机构为中国公民代办的所谓国际驾照其实就是“洋假证件”,收费不菲,实质是废纸一张。

在美国和欧洲的确存在国际驾照的说法,那是因为全球有60多个国家和地区签署过《联合国道路交通公约》,互相承认驾驶执照,由于语言不同,这些国家的公民去往其他协议国家的时候应该携带由其本国驾照管理机构颁发的英文证书,这种英文证书被称为国际驾照。

这种所谓的国际驾照必须与本国驾照同时使用方为有效。中国既然不在此协议中,中国的交警部门当然不会出具英文证书,中国公民也就不可能掌到什么国际驾照了。

以下是美国各州是否允许B1-B2签证持有者使用国内驾照的列表:
1,亚拉巴马州:可以,16/+(16岁以上的意思)
2,阿拉斯加州:可以,90天,16/+
3,亚利桑那州,可以
4,阿肯色州,不可以,IDP required
5,加利福尼亚州:可以,18+
6,科罗拉多州:可以,16+
7,康涅狄格州:不可以,IDP required
8,特拉华州:可以,16+
9,佛罗里达州:可以,16+
10,佐治亚州:可以
11,夏威夷州:不可以,IDP required
12,爱达荷州:可以
13,伊利诺伊州:可以,整个合法访问期间
14,印第安纳州:可以,16.5+
15,爱荷华州:可以
16,堪萨斯州:可以
17,肯塔基州:不可以,IDP required
18,路易斯安那州:可以,90天
19,缅因州:可以,16+
20,马里兰州,可以
21,萨诸塞州:不可以
22,密西根州:不可以
23,明尼苏达州,可以,15+
24,密西西比州:可以,60天 18+
25,密苏里州:可以,16+
26,蒙大拿州:可以,15+
27,内布拉斯加州:可以,30天
28,内华达州:可以,16+
29,新罕布什尔州:不可以,州法第21篇《机动车》没有明确该州承认的签发外国驾照的具体国家,且免除条款均适用互相承认驾照的州/省/国家。
30,新释西州:不可以
31,新墨西哥州,可以,15+
32,纽约州,可以
33,北达科他州,可以,16+
34,俄亥俄州:可以
35,俄克拉荷马州:可以,16+
36,俄勒冈州,可以,16+
37,宾夕法尼亚州:可以,16+
38,罗得岛州:可以,16+
39,南卡罗来纳州:可以,16+
40,南达科他州:可以,16+
41,田纳西州:可以
42,德克萨斯州:不可以
43,犹他州:可以,6个月,16+
44,佛蒙特州:不可以
45,弗吉尼亚州:可以,16.25/+
46,华盛顿州:可以,1年,16+
47,西弗吉尼亚州:可以,90天,16+
48,威斯康星州:不可以,IDP required
49,怀俄明州,可以
50,华盛顿特区,可以,30天



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